Bio diesel is a non-petroleum based diesel fuel that consists of propyl, esters, methyl and ethyl. It is made from the transesterification of fat from vegetables or animals oils, which are either blended or used independently. When blended they are mixed with petro- diesel in original cars. This fuel is usually regulated and as an ester but excludes other types of diesel. It is usually distributed to be sold in retail markets. Diesel is a fuel used in most fuel engines, has 7.09 density which translates to 18% more than petrol which has a density of 6.01. Diesel emits 38.6 MJ/I combustion when burnt.
When it comes to bio diesel, it requires earlier phase of ignition to guarantee maximum efficiency. The use of it helps in the preservation of the environment and there is no legal penalty for switching. The production of this is scalable as compared to the production of diesel, local co-operatives, small scale, business have produced this by the use of local means. This has contributed to home economics of most nations.
Bio- diesel can save the environment in many ways. Unlike diesel it uses waste products obtained from the environment such as farming products, they are viewed as by products of a very important pat of vegetation. It helps in the increase of efficiency since fewer natural resources are used to grow these materials. Bio-diesel uses the latest technology for its production and in particular traps and filters thus helping reduce the effects on climate that are come from emissions. Marginal parcels of land are used in the production of bio diesel in third world countries. Nuts that produce oil are usually grown along roads and rail lines. In tropical regions such as Malaysia, palm oil is grown rapidly to meet demand in first world countries. Putting in mind that the source of bio diesel is the sun, the over reliance of diesel is becoming less and less. This is through the process of photosynthesis.
The reduction of greenhouse emissions is reduced by bio diesel same to pollution and biodegradation. The demand of first generation bio fuels is reduced by bio diesel too. The reliance of first generation fuels such a diesel brings about emissions that harm the atmosphere and environment. Diesel comes from one source while bio diesel can come from several sources such as algae. From algae, it is produced through the transesterification of triglyceride oil with monohydric alcohols. It can be used in any engine without any modification but this is not the case with diesel.
Confirmation from scientist states that the emissions from bio diesel are less harmful than diesel fumes. This fuel is stored in a dark, dry and clean environment. Acceptable storage materials include, steel, aluminum, fluorinated polyethylene, fluorinated polypropylene and teflon, brass, copper, lead, zinc and tin. Bio diesel can be used pure or can be mixed with petrol at any ratio. It is safe to use and is highly recommended as compared to diesel that most people are doing away with.